Eclampsia is a severe pregnancy complication. If you are an expecting mother or know someone who is, it would help to learn more.

Blood pressure is a key marker of preeclampsia and eclampsia. It's critical for expectant mothers and healthcare providers to understand this condition due to its serious implications for both maternal and foetal health.

Preeclampsia, the precursor to eclampsia, typically presents after the 20th week of pregnancy. It's characterised by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, often the kidneys.

If not managed appropriately, preeclampsia can escalate into eclampsia, which manifests as convulsions or seizures in a pregnant woman. These seizures are not related to an underlying brain condition and mark a significant escalation in the severity of the disease.

The exact cause of eclampsia is still a subject of ongoing research. However, experts believe it results from a combination of factors.

These may include blood vessel problems, immune system issues, genetic factors, and a poor diet. The condition is also more likely in women with pre-existing high blood pressure, kidney disease, or diabetes.

High blood pressure and diabetes are both linked to excess weight prior to pregnancy.

Eclampsia poses serious risks. For the mother, these include permanent organ damage, cardiovascular complications, and, in extreme cases, death.

For the foetus, risks include growth problems, preterm birth, and stillbirth. Timely intervention is crucial.

The primary treatment for eclampsia is the delivery of the baby, often necessitated even if the baby is premature. Medications to lower blood pressure and prevent seizures are also used.

Knowing what symptoms to look for and having a doctor who understands this can often become a critical factor.

On my show, Dr. Nozer Sheriar spoke about the risks of eclampsia as one of the risks of pregnancy. Do watch the show if you have not already.

Reach out to me on twitter @rbawri Instagram @riteshbawriofficial and YouTube at