Corpus Callosum - the link between left and right brain

Corpus Callosum - the link between left and right brain

You have a left hemisphere and a right hemisphere in your brain. It might sound strange, but the right side processes information that it receives from the left side of your body, and vice versa.

Connecting the two sides is a thick band of nerve fibres known as the corpus callosum. This structure facilitates interhemispheric communication, allowing the two halves of the brain to share and coordinate information.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterised by recurrent seizures, which are sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain.

Epilepsy can be focal, originating in a specific area of the brain, or generalised, affecting multiple areas simultaneously.

One of the therapeutic approaches for severe epilepsy involves a surgical procedure known as corpus callosotomy.

In such a procedure, surgeons sever the connection between the two sides of the brain, thus preventing epileptic fits from spreading across the hemispheres.

Dr. Roger Sperry and Michael Gazzaniga won a Nobel Prize in 1981 for their pioneering research on split-brain patients.

Their work provided significant insights into brain function lateralization and demonstrated that corpus callosotomy could help patients suffering from severe epilepsy.

The left hemisphere is traditionally associated with logical reasoning, analytical thinking, language processing, and tasks involving sequential analysis.

The right hemisphere is associated with creativity, spatial ability, facial recognition, and the processing of holistic and intuitive information.

The corpus callosum ensures that these distinct yet complementary functions can work together harmoniously. Though your skills may lean one way or the other, it lets you be both logical and creative.

The integration of these hemispheric functions through the corpus callosum is essential for performing everyday tasks efficiently.

For instance, when you write a story, your left hemisphere helps you structure sentences and choose precise words, while your right hemisphere helps you imagine the plot and visualize characters.

Similarly, when solving a complex math problem, your right hemisphere may help you visualize the problem, while your left hemisphere works through the logical steps needed to find the solution.

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