Blood, the life-sustaining fluid that flows within us, is a marvel of complexity. Composed of various components, it carries out vital functions such as transporting oxygen, removing waste, and maintaining homeostasis. However, the composition of blood is not static; it undergoes dynamic variations throughout the day. Let us examine how the components of blood fluctuate through the day with regard to cortisol levels, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) levels, ethanol levels depending on mood, and hemoglobin levels depending on age.
Cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, plays a crucial role in regulating stress responses. Cortisol levels in the blood exhibit a diurnal pattern, commonly known as the circadian rhythm. Typically, cortisol levels peak in the early morning, helping us wake up and prepare for the day ahead. As the day progresses, cortisol gradually decreases, reaching its lowest point in the late evening. This fluctuation influences our energy levels, mood, and overall physiological responses. Cortisol is about 6-23×10^8 in the morning and about 50% of that value by 10 PM.
ACTH, a hormone released by the pituitary gland, stimulates the production and release of cortisol from the adrenal glands. Like cortisol, ACTH levels also display a diurnal pattern. They are typically highest in the morning, coinciding with the peak cortisol levels, and gradually decline throughout the day. This correlation between ACTH and cortisol levels underscores the intricate feedback mechanisms that regulate the body’s stress response.
Hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells, is responsible for binding and transporting oxygen throughout the body. Hemoglobin levels can vary depending on age. In infants, hemoglobin levels are typically high at birth, aiding their oxygen needs during the transition from the womb. These levels decrease during the first few months and stabilize as the child grows. In adults, hemoglobin levels remain relatively constant, with minor variations influenced by factors such as altitude, underlying health conditions, or pregnancy. Women tend to have lower levels than men.
Your blood actually has several things in it, including Zinc, Sulphates, Sulphur, Secretin, Pentose, Oxytocin all that serve a purpose to name a few. Pause for a moment and think about how evolution evolved to both allow you to assimilate and carry such useful things in your body