Microbiome – Your Other microbiome on the skin

September 14, 2022

Microbiome is a term commonly used for gut bacteria. Today, we are more familiar with gut health and prebiotics and probiotics. But did you know that your skin has its own microbiome? The microbiome is affected by the Ph of your skin, ambient temperature and humidity.
 
Your skin is the largest organ in your body with a surface area of 22 square feet. It serves as an organ for temperature regulation, water absorption and sweating. It also procets us from pathogens such as bacteria or viruses. It regulates moisture and temperature through sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles. It creates special oils for lubrication and to act as a barrier to water.
 
On its surface, millions of microbiome thrive. Bacteria, fungus, and viruses make up your skin microbiome. Certain microorganisms decrease inflammation and keep pores clear, preventing acne.More than 100 trillion microbes live on human bodies, according to microbiome studies.
 
The bacteria have developed a host of strategies to survive. These include extracting amino acids from your skin and converting the fat (oil) on your skin to be used as food. The microbiota varies by location. So those found on your face are different from those found on your arms or legs, for example.
 
All bacteria are not always friendly. Teenagers who suffer from acne, are at the mercy of a bacteria known as P.acnes. It is among the most abundant bacteria found in adults. In perhaps one of the strangest side effects, Vitamin B12 is linked to an increase in acne.
 
Bacteria can also play a role in delaying the healing of wounds. People who have excess weight and high blood sugar suffer from neuropathy. They often gets food ulcers, also known as diabetic food ulcers. Several bacteria such as S. aureus, Proteobacteria spp Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. are believed to play a role. If you have skin related issues, it may be worth it to evaluate the role of your skin microbiome.

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